Amidst the vibrant and complex world of Aztec mythology lies a figure of great significance, shrouded in mystery and power – Cihuacoatl, the midwife and goddess of fertility.

Overview of The Myth

Cihuacoatl is an Aztec goddess of fertility and childbirth. According to Aztec mythology, she was born from the blood of the god of the sun, Huitzilopochtli, and the earth goddess, Coatlicue. She is considered a sister of the Aztec god of war, Huitzilopochtli.

Cihuacoatl became the goddess of fertility and childbirth after assisting the goddess Coatlicue in giving birth to Huitzilopochtli. She is believed to have taught the Aztec people about agriculture and helped them in the cultivation of maize, beans, and other crops.

Cihuacoatl was worshiped as a goddess of fertility and childbirth, and she was often depicted as a midwife assisting women in giving birth. She was also associated with the cycle of life and death, as she helped bring new life into the world while also being connected to the realm of the dead.

One popular legend associated with Cihuacoatl tells of her role in the creation of the current world. According to the legend, Cihuacoatl was responsible for leading the four previous worlds to their destruction, after which she helped the gods create the current world.

Another legend tells of Cihuacoatl’s assistance in the birth of the god Quetzalcoatl, who was born from an egg laid by his mother Coatlicue. Cihuacoatl helped Coatlicue care for the egg until Quetzalcoatl hatched.

Overall, Cihuacoatl was an important figure in Aztec mythology and played a significant role in the culture’s beliefs about fertility, childbirth, and the cycle of life and death.

Powers and Symbolism of Cihuacoatl

As the goddess of fertility and childbirth, Cihuacoatl was believed to have the power to help women conceive, safely give birth, and protect newborns. She was also associated with agriculture and the earth’s fertility, as well as with the cycles of life and death.

Cihuacoatl’s symbolism is deeply connected to the cycle of life and death, as she presided over both birth and death. Her role as a midwife and protector of infants also made her a symbol of motherhood and feminine power.

Cihuacoatl was one of the most important goddesses in Aztec culture, representing the power of fertility and the cycle of life and death. She was honored in many rituals and ceremonies, particularly those related to childbirth and agriculture.

Cihuacoatl in Aztec Art and Literature

Cihuacoatl is often depicted in Aztec art wearing a skirt made of serpent scales and a headdress adorned with feathers and a skull. She is sometimes shown holding a serpent or a bundle of corn, symbolizing her association with fertility and agriculture.

Cihuacoatl is a prominent figure in Aztec mythology and is mentioned in many of their stories and legends. She is particularly associated with the creation of the fifth sun, which brought fertility and abundance to the world.

Today, Cihuacoatl remains an important figure in Mexican folklore and is often referenced in popular culture. Her image has been used in art and fashion, and her story continues to inspire modern-day depictions of motherhood and feminine power.


In conclusion, the myth of Cihuacoatl, the Aztec midwife and goddess of fertility, holds a significant place in Aztec culture and mythology. Cihuacoatl’s role as a protector of women during childbirth and her association with fertility and motherhood make her a powerful and revered figure in Aztec mythology. The symbolism of Cihuacoatl as a nurturer and life-giver is deeply ingrained in Aztec culture and continues to hold relevance in modern times.

Depictions of Cihuacoatl in Aztec art and literature showcase the respect and reverence given to her in Aztec society. Modern adaptations and references to the Cihuacoatl myth demonstrate the enduring appeal of her character and the continued importance of her message.

Overall, the story of Cihuacoatl stands as a testament to the power and significance of motherhood and the divine feminine in Aztec culture and mythology.

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Categories: Aztec


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